Thursday, 30 March 2017    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



Imaam Maalik bin Anas (d. 179H): Allaah is Above the Heaven and His Knowledge is in Every Place
Filed under: The Salaf
Friday, October 02 2009 - by AboveTheThrone.Com
Key topics: Maalik Bin Anas

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

And Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal reported in "ar-Radd alal-Jahmiyyah": My father narrated to me (and then mentioned his chain of narration) from Abdullaah bin Naafi', who said: Maalik bin Anas said:

Allaah is above the heaven, and His knowledge is in every place, nothing escapes it.

Source: "Mukhtasar al-Uluww" of adh-Dhahabi (p. 140).

And Ibn Battah al-Ukbari brings this same narration with his chain, in "al-Ibaanah al-Kubraa", in the third book (of the printed edition) which constitutes the completion of "ar-Radd alal-Jahmiyyah" (3:153/154):

Abu Hafs narrated to us, saying: Abu Nasr Asamah narrated to us, saying: al-Fadl bin Ziyaad narrated to us, saying: I heard Abu Abdullaah (Ahmad bin Hanbal) saying: Maalik bin Anas said:

Allaah, the Exalted, is above the heaven and His knowledge is in every place, no place escapes it (His knowledge).

So I said to Abu Abdullaah, "Who informed you of this about Maalik?" He said, "I heard it from Surayj bin an-Nu'maan, from Maalik".

And it is also reported in "Sharh Usool il-I'tiqaad" of al-Laalikaa'ee (no. 673) with his chain of narration:

Muhammad bin Abdullaah bin al-Hajjaaj informed us, saying: Ahmad bin al-Husayn informed us, saying: Abdullaah bin Ahmad narrated to us, saying: My father said: Surayj bin an-Nu'maan said: Abdullaah bin Naafi' narrated to me: Maalik said: "Allaah is above the heaven, and His knowledge is in every place, nothing escapes it."

And it is also reported in:

  • "ash-Sharee'ah" of al-Aajurree (no. 695)
  • "Masaa'ilu Ahmad" of Abu Dawud (p. 263)

And it has been claimed by the deniers of al-uluww and by those affected by the Mutakallimoon that the creed of Imaam Maalik was that of tafweed - and they do not have a single narration that is authentic to Imaam Maalik to prove that anything of ta'weel of tafweed emanated from him. And the proof is upon the claimant and as for his saying regarding al-Istiwaa, then that constitutes the principle of Ahl us-Sunnah that the meanings of the attributes are known but the realities (kaifiyyah and haqeeqah) are unknown, so the attributes are affirmed without takyeef and tamtheel, and without additional meanings and explanations (ta'weel).

Concerning the Isnaad of This Narration

The Jahmites have cast doubt over this narration on account of Abdullaah bin Naafi' as-Saa'igh regarding whom there is speech from the Muhadditheen regarding his memory.

You have to look at the sum whole of what these people are up to so when you look at the fact that they try to claim regarding Imaam Maalik that he made ta'weel of Allaah's Nuzool to Allaah's mercy, and they do that on the basis of a narration through Habeeb bin Abee Habeeb, about whom Ibn Adee said, "The ahaadeeth are all fabricated, whether from Maalik or other than him", and about whom an-Nasaa'ee said, "Matrook in hadeeth" and about whom Imaam Ahmad said, "He is not thiqah (trustworthy)". After this, they then try to rely upon another route to this narration which contains two narrators, Muhammad bin Alee al-Jabbulee, a severe Raafidee, and another, Jaami' bin Saudah, suspected of fabricating hadeeth by adh-Dhahabee - and this can be found in al-Meezaan of adh-Dhahabee. So these narrations are not established from Imaam Maalik and the problems with these narrations are more severe than that of Abdullaah bin Naafi' mentioned above - so you see their hypocrisy in all of that.

As for the narration from Imaam Maalik that "Allaah is above the heaven and His knowledge is in every place", then that view is narrated authentically from a vast number of the Salaf with authentic chains of narration, and it is not possible that Imaam Maalik had a saying different to theirs, rather his saying is their very saying.

Ibn Abee Zamanayn (d. 399H) brings in his "Usool us-Sunnah", from Zuhayr bin Abbaad, who said:

كل من أدركت من المشايخ : مالك بن أنس ، وسفيان ، وفضيل بن عياض ، وعبد الله بن المبارك ، ووكيع بن الجراح ، يقولون : النزول حق

Everyone that I reached from the mashaayikh: Maalik bin Anas, Sufyaan, Fudayl bin Iyaad, Abdullaah bin al-Mubaarak, and Wakee' Ibn al-Jarraah were saying: The Nuzool is haqq (true and real).

So we see the hypocrisy of the Jahmites in relying upon weak and fabricated sayings regarding Imaam Malik and ta'weel, whilst they cast doubt regarding the narration from Abdullaah bin Naafi'.

And finally, of what benefit is it to the Jahmiyyah to cast doubt about this position of Imaam Maalik when the very same saying is reported authentically from the Companions, Taabi'een and other Imaams of the Salaf, let alone being explicit in the texts of the Book and the Sunnah?



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


Latest Articles
Imaam Ibn Baz: Do Not Study With This Hardcore Jahmite!
Al-Qadi Abd al-Wahhaab al-Malikee (d. 422H) Explains the Aqidah of Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani on al-Uluww Bil-Dhaat
Al-Dhahabi in al-Siyar: The Statement of al-Muzanee (d. 264H) - The Tawhid of Any Person is Not Valid Until He Knows Allaah Is Above His Throne
Al-Qa'nabee (d. 221H) The Shaykh of Imaam Muslim: Whoever Does Not Affirm that ar-Rahmaan Ascended Over the Throne is a Jahmee
Muhammad bin Mus'ab al-Aabid (d. 228H): I Bear Witness That Allaah is Above the Throne Above the Seventh Heaven, Not as the Heretics Say
Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H): Allaah Is Above the Seventh Heaven, Over His Throne, Separate and Distinct (Baa'in) From His Creation
Ismaa'eel bin Yahyaa al-Muzanee (d. 264H): Student of Imaam ash-Shaafi'ee: Allaah is Above The Throne, With His Essence (Bi Dhaatihi), Separate and Distinct (Baa'in) From His Creation
Abu Sulayman al-Khattabi (d. 386H): Allaah is Above the Heaven, Ascended Over the Throne
Khalid bin Abdullah al-Qasree: Al-Ja'd (bin Dirham) Claims Allaah Did Not Speak To Moses and Did Not Take Ibrahim as a Khalil
Sulaymaan at-Taymee (d. 143H): If I was asked 'Where is Allah?' I Would Say Above The Heaven
Search This Site

 Other Websites
 Aqidah.Com
 Asharis.Com
 TawhidFirst.Com


Most Popular
Concerning the Saying of Imaam at-Tahawi (d. 321H): 'The Six Directions Do Not Contain Him' And a Decisive Confutation of the Jahmites
Khalid bin Abdullah al-Qasree: Al-Ja'd (bin Dirham) Claims Allaah Did Not Speak To Moses and Did Not Take Ibrahim as a Khalil
Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H): Allaah Is Above the Seventh Heaven, Over His Throne, Separate and Distinct (Baa'in) From His Creation
Al-Qadi Abd al-Wahhaab al-Malikee (d. 422H) Explains the Aqidah of Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani on al-Uluww Bil-Dhaat
Al-Dhahabi in al-Siyar: The Statement of al-Muzanee (d. 264H) - The Tawhid of Any Person is Not Valid Until He Knows Allaah Is Above His Throne
Ismaa'eel bin Yahyaa al-Muzanee (d. 264H): Student of Imaam ash-Shaafi'ee: Allaah is Above The Throne, With His Essence (Bi Dhaatihi), Separate and Distinct (Baa'in) From His Creation
The Hadeeth of Abu Hurairah: Firdaws Is The Highest Place in Paradise and the Throne of ar-Rahmaan is Above It
Ibn Abbaas (d. 68H): Allaah Was Above His Throne Before Creating Anything
Ayyub as-Sakhtiyaanee (d. 131H): The Central Axis of the Mu'tazilah Is That They Want to Say 'There is Nothing Above the Heaven'
Ibn Abbaas (d. 68H): To Aa'ishah: 'Allaah Sent Down the Declaration Of Your Innocence From Above the Seven Heavens'

Tags
aa'ishah aasim bin alee abbaad bin al-awaam abdullaah bin abee ja'far ar-raazee abdul-maalik al-asma'ee abdul-qaadir al-jeelaanee abdur-rahmaan al-awzaa'ee abdur-rahmaan bin mahdee abu al-hasan al-ash'aree abu hurairah abu ma'mar al-qatee'ee abu sa'eed al-khudree abu sulayman al-khattabi ad-dahhaak ahmad bin hanbal aicp al-asma'ee al-istiwaa al-muzanee al-muzani al-qadi abd al-wahhab al-maliki al-qa'nabee al-uluwww anas bin maalik at-tahaawi at-tahawi ayyub as-sakhityaanee firdaws habashites hammaad bin zayd hishaam bin ubaydullaah ar-raazee hudooth ul-ajsaam ibn abbaas ibn abee shaybah ibn abi zayd al-qayrawani ibn jurayj ishaaq bin raahawaih ismaa'eel bin yahyaa al-muzanee jahmee doubts jareer ad-dabbee ka'b al-ahbaar khalid bin abdullah al-qasree khalid bin abdullah al-qusaree khalid bin abdulllah al-qusaree maalik bin anas masrooq muhammad bin mus'ab al-aabid muhammad bin yusuf al-firyaabee muqaatil bin hayyaan qutayban bin sa'eed sa'eed bin aamir ad-dab'ee six directions sulaymaan at-taymee sunayd bin daawood al-maseesee sunni answers tahawi wahb bin jareer yazeed bin haaroon zakariyyaa as-saajee zaynab bint jahsh

Archives
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009


AboveTheThrone.Com. All rights reserved.